Monografia Sistemului Bancar din Austria

Cuprins proiect Cum descarc?

???. 1 D?s?r??r?? s?st?mulu? b?n??r d?n ?ustr??.3
1.1 ?st?r??ul s?st?mulu? b?n??r.3
1.2 ??m??n?nt? s?st?mulu? b?n??r.6
1.3 ?nd???t?r? d? ??r????r?.8
1.4 T?nd?nt?.10
???. 2 B?n?? ??ntr?la ? ?ustr???: ??st?rr???h?s?h? N?t??n?l B?nk.12
2.1 ?st?r??ul Ban??? N?t??n?l?.12
2.2 ?b???t?v?l? Ban??? ??ntr?l? ? ?ustr???.13
2.3 Fun?t??l? Ban??? ??ntr?l?.14
2.4 ?nstrum?nt? f?l?s?t? in ?r?m?v?r?? ??l?t???? m?n?t?r?.16
2.5 ??r??t?r?st??? d?f?n?t?r??.19
???. 3 Ban?? r??r?z?nt?t?v? d?n S?st?mul B?n??r ?ustr???.20
3.1 R??ff??s?n Z?ntr?lb?nk ?G.20
3.2?RST? B?nk.23
???.4 ??n?luz??.26
B?bl??gr?f??.27


Extras din proiect Cum descarc?

??? 1:D?s?r??r?? s?st?mulu? b?n??r ?ustr???
1.1 ?st?r??ul s?st?mulu? b?n??r ?ustr???
R??ubl??? ?ustr?? ?st? ? t?ra ?u ? ???ul?t?? d? 8.3 m?l???n? d? l??u?t?r?, s?tu?ta d?n ?un?t d? v?d?r? g??gr?f?? in ?ur??? ??ntr?la. S? inv???n??za ?u G?rm?n?? s? R??ubl??? ??ha in n?rd, Sl?v???? s? Ung?r?? l? ?st, Sl?v?n?? s? ?t?l?? in sud, s? ?lv?t?? s? L???ht?nst??n l? v?st.
?ustr?? ?st? r??ubl??a f?d?r?la s? ?st? im?art?ta in 9 l?ndur?: ?ustr?? ?nf?r???ra, ?ustr?? Su??r???ra, Burg?nl?nd, ??r?nt??,S?lzburg, Styr??, Tr??l, V??n?, V?r?rlb?ry ; ????t?l? f?d?r?la ?st? l? V??n?.
S?st?mul ??l?t?? d?n ?ustr?? ?st? r??ubl??? f?d?r?la, ?vand ?? s?f d? st?t un ?r?s?d?nt? f?d?r?l, ?l?s ? d?ta l? 6 ?n? ; in ???st m?m?nt, ?r?s?d?nt?l? ?ustr??? ?st? H??nz F?s?h?r, ??r ??n??l?rul ?ustr??? ?st? W?rn?r F?ym?nn .
S?urta ?st?r?? ? R??ubl???? F?d?r?l? ?ustr??
?ustr?? ? f?st ?u??r?ta d?+? lungul ?n?l?r d? r?m?n?, hun?, l?mb?rz?, b?v?r?z? s? fr?n??, du?a ??r? d?n s?? X ?ana in s??. X???, ? f?st sub ??ndu??r?? d?n?st??? B?b?nb?rg,??r? ?u f?st inv?ns?, l? randul l?r, d? ?atr? H?bsburg?. ???st?? d?n urma ?u ??ndus ?ustr?? ?ana in s?? XX.
?ustr?-Ung?r?? ? suf?r?t ? s?r?? d? s?h?mbar? l? in???utul s?? ?l XX-l??.?????r?l? su?us? in?????u sa m?n?f?st? t?nd?nt? d? ?nd???nd?nta inabus?t? r???d? d? r??r?s?un?? ?ustr?-ung?ra. In 1910 B?sn?? s? H?rt?g?v?n?, ??r? ?r?u ??u??t? d? ?rm?t? ?ustr?-ung?ra in?a d?n 1878 ?u f?st ?n?x?t? l? ?m??r?u. ???st lu?ru ? ?r?v???t un v?l d? n?multum?r? in S?rb?? s? in B?l??n?. Fr?nz J?s??h ?r? insa d? n??l?nt?t. ?l ? ?rg?n?z?t in 1914 n?st? m?n?vr? m?l?t?r? in B?sn?? s? H?rt?g?v?n?. D???r??? ?r? ?r?? batran ?? sa m?? ??rt????? l? ???st? m?n?vr?, Fr?nz J?s??h l-? d?s?mn?t ?? m?st?n?t?rul tr?nulu?, ?rh?du??l? Fr?nz F?rd?n?nd sa l? ??ndu?a. Fr?nz F?rd?n?nd ? ?l???t ?m?d??t l? S?r?j?v? ?latur? d? s?t?? lu?, S?f??. ???l?, ?? straz?l? ?r?sulu?, l? 28 ?un?? 1914 Fr?nz F?rd?n?nd ? f?st u??s im?r?una ?u S?f?? d? ?atr? un n?t??n?l?st sarb, G?vr?l? ?r?nk??. In ???l m?m?nt s?tu?t?? ? d?v?n?t ?x?l?z?va. T?ns?un?l? d?ntr? S?rb?? s? ?ustr?-Ung?r?? s-?u ????ntu?t. In ?ur??? s? f?rm?s?ra in??nt? d? 1914 d?ua bl??ur?: ??l ?l ?ut?r?l?r ??ntr?l? (G?rm?n??, ?ustr?-Ung?r??, Tur???, Bulg?r??) s? ??l ?l ?nt?nt?? (?m??r?ul Br?t?n??, Fr?nt?, ?t?l??, Rus??). ???st? d?ua bl??ur? d?t?n??u f????r? ? ?nflu?nta m?j?ra ?su?r? ?ur???? s? s? dusman??u d?n m?t?v? ??l?t??? s? ???n?m???. In 28 ?ul?? 1914, ?ustr?-Ung?r?? d??l?ra razb?? S?rb???. Rus?? s?r?j?na S?rb?? s? d??l?ra razb?? ?ustr???. G?rm?n?? ?? ?l??t ?l ?ustr??? d??l?ra razb?? Rus??? s? Fr?nt??. B?lg??? i? ?st? v??l?ta n?utr?l?t?t?? d? ?atr? ?ut?r?l? ??ntr?l? s? in r??l??a, M?r?? Br?t?n?? ?ntra s? ?? in razb?? d? ??rt?? ?nt?nt??. In n???mbr?? ?m??r?ul ?t?m?n ?ntra s? ?l in ??nfl??t d? ??rt?? ?ut?r?l?r ??ntr?l? ??r Gr???? s? ?latura ?nt?nt??. ?stf?l, ??rn?st? ? R?zb?? M?nd??l ?? ?r? r???r?us?un? gr?v? ?su?r? ?m??r?ul H?bsburg?? ?? s? m?nt?nus? mar?t s? ?ut?rn?? t?m? d? d?ua s???l? s? ?r?m?st? l?v?tur? d? m??rt?. N?t?un?l? ingl?b?t? in ?m??r?u s?-?u ??nst?tu?t st?t? ?nd???nd?nt?. ?stf?l ? lu?t sfars?t un? d?n ??l? m?? m?r? ?ut?r? ?l? ?ur????, f?rmandu-s? ?ustr?? d? ?staz?.
?x?st?nt? R??ubl???? ?ustr?? ? f?st r??un?s?uta ?r?n Tr?t?tul d? l? S??nt G?rm??n ?n L?y?,?? ? f?st s?mn?t intr? ?ustr?? s? ?l??t?? d?n ?r?mul Razb?? M?nd??l l? d?t? d? 10 s??t?mbr?? 1919. ?ustr?? ? f?st ?n?x?ta G?rm?n??? n?z?st? in 1938 ("?ns?hluss"). ?l??t?? ?u ??u??t ?ustr?? l? sfars?tul ??lu? d? ?l D??l?? Razb?? M?nd??l s? ?ana in 1955, ?and t?r? s?-? ?ast?g?t ?nd???nd?nt? d??l?na sub ??nd?t?? ?astrar?? n?utr?l?tat??. 
Du?a ?rabus?r?? s?st?mulu? ??mun?st d?n ?ur??? d? ?st, ?ustr?? ? d?v?n?t un num? ?m??rt?nt in ?f???r?l? ?ur???n?.In ?nul 1995,?ustr?? ? ?d?r?t l? Un?un?? ?ur????na, ??r in ?nul 1999 ?d??ta m?n?d? ?UR?.
In ???? ?? ?r?v?st? s?st?mul b?n??r ?ustr???, b?n?? ?ustr?-ung?ra ? f?st int?m???ta in ?nul 1878, ?? ? s????t?t? ?? ??t?un?, ?u un ????t?l d? 210 m?l???n? ??r??n? d? ?ur ; s???ul ???st??? ?r? d? ? r?gl?m?nt? ??r?ul?t?? f?du???ra ?? t?r?t?r?ul f?st?? m?n?rh?? ?ustr?-ung?r?.
B?n?? ?ustr?-ung?ra ?v?? s?d?ul ??ntr?l l? V??n?, d?r s? inf??nt??za un ??ntru ?l ban??? d? ?m?s?un? s? l? Bud???st?, ????st? ?vand r?lul d? ? ???rd?n? s?d??l? d? ?? t?r?t?r?ul Ung?r??? ?? b?z? st?tut?l?r in v?g??r? ??ntru ?mb?l? st?t? s? ? int?l?g?r?l?r d?ntr? b?n?a s? m?n?rh??.
B?n?? ??ntr?la ?v?? ?r?v?l?g?ul ?m?s?un?? ?? intr?g t?r?t?r?ul m?n?rh???, ???st? m?nt?nandu-s? ?ana in ?nul 1919, ?and in??t??za sa m?? ?x?st? sub f?rma d? ?nst?tut?? d? ?m?s?un? ??ntr?la ? m?n?rh???, d???r??? st?t?l? su???s?r?l? d?r?s? ?m?n????r?? ?tat f?ta d? ??r??n? ?ustr?-ung?ra ?at s? f?ta d? ?nflu?nt? un?? ban?? ?? is? ?r? s?d?ul ?? t?r?t?r?ul ?ltu? st?t, ??r? nu m?? g?r?nt? st?b?l?t?t?? b?l?t?l?r s?l? ?? s? ?fl?u intr-? d?v?l?r?z?r? ??nt?nua f?ta d? ??l?l?lt? m?n?d? n?t??n?l?.
?stf?l, ??r??n? ?ustr???a ? ?r?m? d?ntr? t??t? v?lut?l? ?ur???? ??ntr?l?,??r? ??rn?st? ?n j?s s? ? ??? m?? sl?ba d???r??? d?s?g??-ul f?ta d? ??l?l?lt? ??t?g?r?? d? ??r??n? d?v?n? t?t m?? m?r?, ??r d?v?l?r?z?r?? ?? ???t?l? ?nt?rn?t??n?l? t?t m?? ????ntu?ta.
In v?d?r?? ??h?l?brar?? bug?tulu? st?tulu?, st?tul ?ustr??? intr??r?nd? ?num?t? masur?, ?? ?u ??nst?t in 3 im?rumutur? su???s?v? l?ns?t? ?u d?st?n?t?? d? ? ??ns?l?d? im?rumutur?? d? razb?? ;ult?mul d?ntr? ??l? 3 s-? d?v?d?t ? f? ?u su???s.
???n?m?? ?ustr???a ? in???ut sa s? st?b?l?z?z? ? d?ta ?u ?l?b?r?r?? l?g?? d? ?rg?n?z?r? ? Ban??? N?t??n?l? ?ustr???? d?n d?t? d? 14 n???mbr?? 1922.
?r?m? m?n?da ??r? ? ??r?ul?t ?? t?r?t?r?ul ?ustr??? ? f?st f?l?s?ta d? tr?bur?l? ??lt??? in s???lul ?? dH. s? ? f?st fa?uta du?a m?d?lul ??l?r gr???st? s? m???d?n??n?. M?n?z?l? ?r?u ??nf??t??n?t? d?n m?t?l? ?r?t???s? ?r??um ?ur, ?rg?nt s?u br?nz, ??r ??l?t?t?? ???st?r? v?r?? in fun?t?? d? b?gat?? z?n??. In t?m?ul ?m??r?ulu? R?m?n ? f?st ?nflu?nt?t intr?gul t?r?t?r?u ?l ?ustr??? d? ?z?, ?r?n ?ntr?du??r?? m?n?d?l?r r?m?n?.


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